It’s a scene any visitor would be surprised to see deep in central Africa: a tech-savvy consumer sitting in a restaurant and surfing a broadband connection with a smartphone, tablet and laptop.
But in a region long associated with war and genocide, Rwanda is busy trying to reinvent itself as a regional high tech hub by rolling out free citywide and eventually nationwide wireless connectivity.
“I came to use the internet. Sometimes I download video and books,” said South Korean development worker Lee Il-mo, aged 31 and a resident of the Rwandan capital Kigali for the past two years.
“Before I went to restaurants or coffee bars and I had to buy a drink, but here it’s a free area,” he said, sitting in Kigali City Tower – a zone slated as the city’s new tech hub and the one of the first steps of the so-called “Smart Kigali” project.
Last month the Rwandan government announced it had started to cover the lush green, rolling hills of the capital with wireless hotspots.
This was the first step of a plan to provide wifi coverage to all schools and public buildings, markets, bus stations and hotels in the city and, in the long-term, to the entire country.
Rwanda’s minister in charge of Information Technology, Jean Philibert Nsengimana, said he wanted to see the plan “accelerate growth of the internet sector” and attract more investors.
“Connectivity is one of the most important draws for business in this age of digital economy,” he said, asserting that free wifi was merely a step in the direction of a much bigger infrastructure goal – that of fourth generation, or 4G, access.
In June, the Rwandan government signed South Korea’s KT Corp to build a 4G network that it wants delivered to 95% of the country, up from the estimated 10 percent who currently have 3G access.
“Broadband access,” said Nsengimana, “has to be considered as an essential, just like water and electricity.”
Not quite an African Tiger
For Rwanda’s government, the stakes are high.
President Paul Kagame and his ruling Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), which has dominated Rwanda since ousting Hutu extremists and ending the genocide nearly 20 years ago, is attempting to push through a dramatic transformation from trauma to economic success story.
The country is ranked as one of the least corrupt countries in Africa, while the World Bank’s ease of doing business index for 2013 ranked Rwanda 52nd out of 185 countries, the third best in sub-Saharan Africa.
But the government now wants to push economic growth to 11.5% for each of the next five years, drive poverty from 45% to below the 30% mark and reach middle-income status by 2020 – no easy task for a mainly agricultural economy.